As you can imagine, the official history of the EU is widely available in libraries, bookshops and websites (including the EU's one), so I'd rather take a different approach and present the origin of the EU and fast forward to the present times instead of repeating what's already available in one form or another.
The concept of a supranational European entity, often referred to as United States of Europe, has developed throughout various centuries, but what's interesting to me is how it has been implemented from the 20th century onward.
Many of you may think that the first person in the 20th century who called for the creation of the United States of Europe was Winston Churchill in 1946.
However, according to Wikipedia, Richard Nikolaus Eijiro, Count of Coudenhove-Kalergi (16 November 1894 – 27 July 1972), an Austrian-Japanese politician, philosopher and Count of Coudenhove-Kalergi, is the recognized founder of the first popular movement for a united Europe, the Paneuropean Movement, of which he was President until his death in 1972.
His influence in the making of the EU is fundamental. It goes from laying out the ideological basis of the Union, to suggesting the adoption of the Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" as the music for the European Anthem, to contributing to the design of the EU logo which contains 12 stars (the 12 tribes of Israel).
In his various books and articles, he describes his idea of the future United States of Europe, in which the nationalism of ethnically homogeneous sovereign states, will be replaced by a "common European nationalism" based on a common European culture, "a kind of 'supra-national' nationalism" that is European rather than a balance of powers between the European nations.
One way to reach this goal is described in his book Praktischer Idealismus (Practical Idealism, 1925):
"The man of the future will be of mixed race. Today's races and classes will gradually disappear owing to the vanishing of space, time, and prejudice. The Eurasian-Negroid race of the future, similar in its appearance to the Ancient Egyptians, will replace the diversity of peoples with a diversity of individuals."
This creation of a new Europe, a Pan-Europe, based on new ideals of social democracy rather than feudal aristocracy and a new European identity deprived of its ethnic characteristics, would be overseen, according to Kalergi, by a "social aristocracy of the spirit", the Jewry.
Every year since 1950, the City of Aachen (Germany) bestows the Charlemagne Prize, to the politicians and Heads of State who have excelled in promoting this paneuropean vision.
Winners of the Charlemagne Prize have been Kalergi (1950), "the founding fathers of the United Europe such as de Gasperi, Schuman, Monnet and Adenauer" (as written on the official website of the city of Aachen), Winston Churchill (1956), George Marshall (1959), Angela Merkel (2008), Henry Kissinger (1987), Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands (1996), Tony Blair (1999), Bill Clinton (2000), Jean Claude Juncker (2006), Donald Tusk (2010), Pope Francis (2016), and Emmanuel Macron (2018).
I suppose it's fair to infer then that since the Treaty of Paris, every single treaty aimed to take away, little by little, the sovereignty of every country which adopted it without explaining to their citizens what the endgame was.
Furthemore, in my view, the implementation of Kalergi's ideals explain:
1) Why the Lisbon Treaty, rejected by the French, the Irish, and the Dutch, was imposed on their countries nevertheless. (The Irish voted a second time, after obtaining a few concessions.)
2) The "open borders" policy: from Shengen, in order to create a common European culture; to the acceptance of a sharp increase of illegal immigration in the last 10 years, and the demonisation of anyone who spoke against it (like in Sweden, in Germany and in Italy) to "replace the diversity of peoples with a diversity of individuals".
This artificial unity is showing more and more cracks, especially since the Chinese virus pandemic has hit the Italian shores and more and more EU countries have suspended the Shengen Treaty and closed their borders.
The proclaimed solidarity among the EU countries is nowhere to be seen: my country of origin, Italy, has been helped by Russia, Cuba, and ironically, China.
The "n" word, "nationalism", is now invoked unashamely to encorage the trapped citizens in the countries in lockdown.
The response of the EU authorities is still indecisive to say the least, and Brussels has never been so far away from the minds and hearts of the citizens the European Union member states.
Will the EU survive this existential threat? What do you think, dear Seekers? Please leave your comments below.
SAVE THE DATE: my post on military alliances, and economy in Euroland and in the countries who haven't adopted the Euro will go live on 22nd April.
In the meantime, stay safe and remember that life is what you make of it, not what it throws at you.
I have always wondered where our archetypes, symbols and myths originated, and with this blog post I hope to instill in you enough curiosity to desire to explore this subject further.
A few months ago I came across a series of YouTube videos titled Discourses on an alien sky by writer, publisher, editor and corporate executive David Talbott with The Thunderbolts Projects.
The alien sky Talbott discusses is Earth's sky just a few thousand years ago. The author followed up on the Immanuel Velikovsky's Worlds in Collision (1950) theory that the terrifying mythical "gods" of the ancient world were actual planets and that the Earth was disturbed by their erratic movement.
Combining the Electric Universe theory with the hypothesis that a few thousand years ago the celestial configuration above our planet was very different from the one we see today, in the '70s Talbott set on a journey to find archeological evidence that could pass the acid test and prove it.
This investigation turned out to be very complex and apparently going nowhere. He discovered that in many different cultures (Greek, Latin, Babylonian, Egyptian,...) the word for sun was the same used to indicate Saturn, and the ancient sun didn't rise or set: it didn't move. This means that it should have been positioned at the North celestial pole, which is aligned with the star Polaris, the only motionless point in the sky looking up from Earth. And this didn't make any sense.
However, throughout the Near East the Universal Monarch appeared as a central sun called Axis and Pole of the World. For example, ancient Iranian astronomers referred to the pole as Saturn's home, like the Greek Neoplatonists.
He also noticed that the vast crescent depicted in the pictograms (see picture below) didn't behave like the crescent of our modern moon.
What if the description of the sky in ancient cultures worldwide was accurate? What if Saturn didn't have rings and Earth, Mars and Venus were its satellites, and the position relatively to our planet changed throughout the years?
After studying the subject for 20 years, Talbott eventually put the project on ice because he wasn't able to explain his theory in a way that scientists would accept.
However, not long afterwards, a specialist in orbital mechanics, Robert Grubaugh, got in touch with him. He had developed a model that could support Talbott's idea.
Here it is.
There used to be only 5 planets, not 8, with Earth the furthest planet from the Sun.
This planetary configuration circled around its own centre of gravity and simultaneously revolved around the sun.
The planets were extremely close together, interacting with each other gravitationally. In this collinear system, the planets stayed in line.
(from: Remembering the End of the World)
In the beginning, during the Golden Age, there was the Universal Monarch, the Firmly Seated God or Motionless Sun, the Great Sphere of Heaven close to the Earth:
It had a beautiful eye, heart and soul, the Mother Goddess: Venus, its daughter and spouse.
The planet Mars was referred to as the unborn hero, heart of heart and pupil of the eye.
The goddess was "The Great Star". It radiated its comet-like hair in all directions (plasma discharges). She was "The Glory of Heaven", the animated flame giving life to the ancient Sun God.
Her place was right at centre of the sun, and this translated in the symbol of the wheel:
As the configuration evolved, the spokes became first 3, generating the Tri-form or Trifold goddess of ancient mythology (Diana, the Three Graces, ...), and the symbol of the pyramid in occultism.
Later, they became four, described as the Four Luminous Winds, the four Pillars of Heaven etc..; and five (see picture below).
Day and night arrived with the great crescent of Saturn, which circled from the West at dawn to the North at noon, to the East at sunset and to the South at midnight:
But the small planet Mars was moved by resonance into an increasing elliptical orbit. It began to oscillate between the two larger planets Venus and Earth.
As Mars approached the larger bodies, atmosphere and oceans were pulled from its surface. (From: Remembering the End of the World)
Our ancestors interpreted this event as the birth of the hero, who grew a beard and wore his mother as a conical queen, and took a form of a peg or dagger.
Then, according to the myths, he rejoined the goddess, impregnated her and broke away. Venus took a serpentine aspect.
They danced in the sky, forming a yin-yang like sign.
And eventually the symbol of the Sacred Eye was born:
When Mars's orbit came too near to Earth, the red planet provoked a catastrophe, which is remembered in many culture as the Great Flood.
The Mars's orbit taking the planet away from Earth inspired another symbols: the Staircase to Heaven or the World's Mountain, and the Serpent.
The Mountain of Mars was seen as the Great Mooring Post of the sky, the Pillar of the Cosmos.
The stability of the Polar Configuration didn't last for long.
Eventually Saturn was cast beyond Jupiter from Earth's perspective.
In mythology, Jupiter overthrew his father Saturn, ruler of the Golden Age and of time, and became ruler of the Cosmos.
Venus transformed into a terrifying goddess with dishevelled hair, or Medusa, or a raging serpent or dragon that battled Mars, the hero.
That's probably why in some cultures comets (Venus) are considered bad omens.
When peace returned to the sky above the Earth, the solar system looked very different from the one of the Golden Age, when Saturn ruled our world.
I hope that this reconstruction of our ancient past has whetted your appetite for more, dear Seeker. Here's a list of where you can start your own research:
Remembering the End of the World (Full Documentary)
Discourses on an Alien Sky (Playlist of 41 episodes)
Symbols of an Alien Sky (Full Documentary)
David Talbott and Wallace Thornill, Thunderbolts of the Gods, Mikamar Publishing, 2004
David Talbott, The Saturn Myth, 1980
Norman R Bergrun, Ringmakers of Saturn, The Pentland Press, 1986
Dr Hans Schindler Bellamy, Moon, Myths and Man, Faber and Faber Limited, 1936
Save the day: my next post will go live on 23 May. I will discuss the consequences of the Electric Universe theory on healing.